On the East German side, the benefits were mixed. The bulk of the Central Committee report delivered at the opening session of the congress by the general secretary discussed the economic and social progress made during the five years since the 9th Congress. Soviet intelligence claimed to have a list of names of an SPD group within the SED that was covertly forging links with the SPD in the West and even with the Western Allied occupation authorities. sehepunkte rezension von rationelle visionen ausgabe. A new economic policy was introduced, more strongly centralized - the "New Economic System". This fact lay behind the burgeoning bureaucratization of the party apparatus and the presence of Stalinistic tendencies. Walter Ulbricht was re-elected as the party's First Secretary. The SED sought to redress these issues by announcing, along with the Council of Ministers and the leadership of the FDGB, a specific program to raise living standards. Ergebnisse Eines Ordnungspolitischen Experiments (1945-1989) (Vierteljahrschrift Fur Sozial- Und Wirtschaftsgeschichte) by Oskar Schwarzer (ISBN: 9783515073790) from Amazon's Book Store. Ddr und Osteuropa: Wirtschaftssystem, Wirtschaftspolitik, Lebensstandard (German Edition) From 1971 onwards, congresses were held every five years. In his speeches, Honecker, along with other SED officials, devoted greater attention to Third World countries than he had done in the past. It has been important in addressing east-German issues and addressing social problems. Amazon.com: Sozialistische Zentralplanwirtschaft in der SBZ/DDR. The 10th Congress, which took place in April 1981, celebrated the status quo; the meeting unanimously re-elected Honecker to the office of general secretary, and there were no electoral surprises, as all incumbents except the ailing 76-year-old Albert Norden were returned to the Politbüro and the Secretariat. The SED had sequestered money overseas in secret accounts, including some which turned up in Liechtenstein in 2008. Some even proposed the idea of establishing an independent German socialist state free of both Soviet and Western influence, and of soon regaining the formerly German land that the Yalta Conference, and ultimately the Potsdam Conference, had (re)allocated to Poland, the USSR, and Czechoslovakia. There were also regional teams to shadow the regional teams of national institutions such as the FDJ, the FDGB and the Planning Commission. The GDR regime considered economic benefits as a major advantage, but the party viewed with misgivings the rapid increase in travel by West Germans to and through the GDR. Leitung v. Haase, H., 1986: Die SED und das kulturelle Erbe, Berlin. He was almost as detested as Honecker himself, and most of the populace remembered that only four months earlier, he had gone to China to thank the regime there for the suppression in Tiananmen Square. Log in; Register; Help; Take a Tour; Sign up for a free trial; Subscribe Overall, Gorbachev's statements suggested that the foreign policy emphasis would be on a common foreign policy adhered to by all members of the Warsaw Pact under Soviet direction. Leitung v. John, E, 1980: Kultur — Kunst — Lebensweise, Berlin. The SED's long-suppressed reform wing took over the party in the autumn of 1989. In his first speech, Gysi admitted that the SED was responsible for the country's economic problems—thus repudiating everything the party had done since 1949. The last was the 11th Party Congress in April 1986. Gorbachev praised the East German experience as proof that central planning could be effective and workable in the 1980s. Immer dann, wenn die Zunft bereit war, sich auf ein bestimmtes, als besonders angemessen und erkenntnisträchtig eingeschätztes Forschungskonzept zu einigen, veränderten sich die politischen Systeme gravierend. Official East German and Soviet histories portrayed this merger as a voluntary pooling of efforts by the socialist parties. Die Landwirtschaft der DDR vor und nach ihrer Umgestaltung im Jahre 1960 [neunzehnhundertsechzig]. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Sozialistische Zentralplanwirtschaft in Der Sbz/ddr. The SED made the teaching of Marxism–Leninism and the Russian language compulsory in schools. In: Rytlewski R. (eds) Politik und Gesellschaft in sozialistischen Ländern. At the same time, although allowing different views to be heard, the SED rejected many of these criticisms in light of its effort to maintain the special relationship with the Soviet Union emphasized by Honecker. The SED used the occasion to announce its willingness to cooperate with West Germany and the Soviet Union in helping to solve a variety of international problems, particularly the future political status of Berlin. Hausvateridylle Oder Sozialistische Utopie? H.‐G. First Secretary Walter Ulbricht announced the "ten requirements of the socialist moral and ethics". This meant that the Council of Ministers was under the permanent control of the Party Committees, a structure that ensured the "leading role" of the SED. They ensured implementation of and compliance with party decisions and undertook general reporting and leadership duties. This is a preview of subscription content, Arbeitskreis für vergleichende Deutschlandforschung unter Vorsitz von. Over the years, the SED gained a reputation as one of the most hardline parties in the Soviet bloc. A problem for the Soviets that they identified with the early SED was its potential to develop into a nationalist party. Honecker reiterated earlier positions on the relationship between the two German states, stressing that they were two sovereign states that had developed along different lines since World War II, and that their differences had to be respected by both sides as they continued efforts toward peaceful coexistence despite membership in antagonistic alliances. Some younger members of the SED had been receptive to Gorbachev's reforms, but had more or less been silenced until the events of 1989. Available now at AbeBooks.co.uk - Hardcover - VEB Landwirtschaftsverlag, Berlin, - 1962 - Book Condition: Sehr gut - Originalauflage;. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Politik und Gesellschaft in sozialistischen Ländern It was striking that more than 62% of the new Central Committee members had been members of the Communist Party (KPD) before the party merger of 1946. Unable to display preview. In hopes of changing its image, on 16 December it renamed itself the Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS), abandoning Marxism–Leninism and declaring itself a democratic socialist party. A delegation led by chief party ideologue Mikhail Suslov, a member of the CPSU Politburo, represented the CPSU at the SED congress. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on … The Secretariat played a decisive role in selecting the Nomenklatura of the Central Committee. Bundesarchiv Bild 183-62752-0001, Plaste.jpg 581 × 800; 53 KB. One of the regime's efforts to stem the tide ended up being its death knell. In the spring of 1971, the 8th Congress rolled back some of the programs associated with the Ulbricht era and emphasized short-term social and economic problems. An early intelligence report from SVAG Propaganda Administration director Lieutenant Colonel Sergei Ivanovich Tiulpanov indicates that the former KPD and SPD members created different factions within the SED and remained rather mutually antagonistic for some time after the formation of the new party. The General Secretary until 1971 was Walter Ulbricht: he was succeeded by Erich Honecker. This was returned to the German government, as the PDS had rejected claims to overseas SED assets in 1990. The newly merged party, with the help of the Soviet authorities, swept to victory in the 1946 elections for local and regional assemblies held in the Soviet zone. The party's regional structure started with the country's fifteen regions. Walter Ulbricht was the party's dominant figure and effective leader of East Germany from 1950 to 1971. The SED celebrated its achievements as the "most successful party on German soil", praised East Germany as a "politically stable and economically efficient socialist state", and declared its intention to maintain its present policy course. Ergebnisse eines ordnungspolitischen Experiments (1945-1989) (Vierteljahrschrift Fur Sozial- Und Wirtschaftsgeschichte - B) (German Edition) (9783515073790): Schwarzer, Oskar: Books The Party conference was formally the party's leading institution. Honecker was more specific about the SED's position toward the intelligentsia at the Fourth Plenum of the Central Committee, where he stated: "As long as one proceeds from the firm position of socialism, there can in my opinion be no taboos in the field of art and literature. Another major point of emphasis at the congress was the issue of inter-German détente. The 9th Congress initiated a hard line in the cultural sphere, which contrasted with the policy of openness and tolerance enunciated at the previous congress. Das ist mehr als während des ganzen Jahres 1957 erreicht wurde. However, no one told the party's unofficial spokesman, East Berlin party boss Günter Schabowski, that the regulations were to take effect the next afternoon. The 9th Party Congress also served as a forum for examining the future challenges facing the party in domestic and foreign policy. The 3rd Party Congress convened in July 1950 and emphasized industrial progress. Along with their party responsibilities, party secretaries were members of the state administration, and they secured the leadership role that the SED claimed for itself in businesses and offices. The PDS survived the reunification of Germany. As a result of Soviet pressure, such statements disappeared from East German commentary on foreign policy. The 1st Party Congress (Vereinigungsparteitag), which convened on 21 April 1946, was the unification congress. The SED further proclaimed that greater emphasis would be devoted to the development of a "socialist national culture" in which the role of artists and writers would be increasingly important. East Germany's growing involvement in both the East European economic system and the global economy reflected its new international status. [5] In the 1980s, the SED rejected the liberalisation policies of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, such as perestroika and glasnost, which would lead to the GDR's isolation from the restructuring USSR and the party's downfall in the autumn of 1989. On 9 November the SED Politbüro drafted new travel regulations allowing anyone who wanted to visit West Germany to do so by crossing East Germany's borders with official permission. 3See, for example, Oskar Anweiler, "Motive und Ziele der sozialistischen Umgestaltung des Schulwesens in Mitteldeutschland," Bildung und Erziehung 12 (1959): pp. Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands, General Secretaries of the Central Committee of the SED. However, after a final round of talks with Gorbachev, Honecker signed a hard-line communiqué that openly attacked the policies of the West German government. Honecker's defense of his policy of "constructive dialogue" appeared in tune with Gorbachev's own calls for disarmament and détente in Europe. Not logged in He also declared that the party needed to adopt a new form of socialism. Bundesarchiv Bild 183-67590 … oberhof archives moderneregional. Konzept und Untersuchungsmethoden schienen den Wissenschaftlern und Politikern für längere Dauer erprobt, nur der Forschungsgegenstand erwies sich als weniger verläßlich. Mikhail Gorbachev's presence at the congress endorsed Honecker's policy course, which was also strengthened by some reshuffling of the party leadership. The party organisation was based on and co-located with, the institutions of the German Democratic Republic. Bundesarchiv Bild 183-64083-0001, Erdölleitung Sowjetunion-DDR.jpg 616 × 800; 60 KB. It worked alongside the administrative body of paid officials who were occasionally also members of the party leadership team. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden Quartal 1958 bildeten sich 75 neue LPG und die Zahl der Mitglieder wuchs um 27 800. At the same time, the party completed its transformation into a more orthodox Soviet-style party with the election of Walter Ulbricht as the party's General Secretary. The Chairman of the Council of Ministers and the president of the National legislature ("Volkskammer") were also members of the politburo. Their choreography was carefully undertaken to ensure that they were understood as high-profile society events. This congress elected two co-chairmen to lead the party: Wilhelm Pieck, former leader of the eastern KPD, and Otto Grotewohl, former leader of the eastern SPD. The Party Central Committee, reflecting the country's overall power structure, was overwhelmingly male: the proportion of women never rose above 15%. To distance itself from its repressive past, the party added "Party of Democratic Socialism" (PDS) to its name. Free shipping for many products! pp 15-36 | All the high ranking party functionaries were represented in it along with other senior government officials (provided they were already party members). However, he could not (or would not) satisfy the growing demands of the people for increased freedom. Although it was nominally a merger of equals, from the beginning the SED was dominated by Communists. The 2nd Party Congress convened from 20–24 July 1947. A truer picture of the SED's support came with the local elections in Berlin, which were the first honest elections held there since the Nazi era[citation needed]. The union was rejected consistently in the three western occupation zones, where both parties remained independent. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. 12.08.2014 - Fritz Dieter, Günter Franke en Kollektiv, Berliner Fernsehturm, 1965-69 [7] This meant that the party organisation was at work in publicly owned industrial and quasi-commercial enterprises, machine and tractor stations, publicly owned farms and in the larger agricultural cooperatives, expressly mandated to monitor and regulate the operational management of each institution. Bundesarchiv Bild 183-54857-0001, Infografik, Sozialistische Umgestaltung der Landwirtschaft.jpg 594 × 572; 56 KB Bundesarchiv Bild 183-64083-0001, Erdölleitung Sowjetunion-DDR.jpg 616 × 800; 60 KB Regional level government structure changed dramatically with the abolition of regional assemblies in 1952, but each administrative structure always had party secretary, applying a structure also replicated in administrative structures at local levels. Also reported was a great deal of difficulty in convincing the masses that the SED was a German political party and not merely a tool of the Soviet occupation force. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. Die sozialistische Umgestaltung in der SBZ/DDR Plakat der 2.SED-Parteikonferenz: Schöne neue Welt Mit den Enteignungen Demontagen und der Bodenreform der Jahre 1945 - 1947 war eine erste Phase der vorsozialistischen Umgestaltung realisiert. In theory the party congresses set policy and elected the leadership, provided a forum for discussing the leadership's policies, and undertook activities that served to legitimize the party as a mass movement. Where work on occasion attracted criticism, there were many ways on which changes could be passed on. It was represented in the Bundestag without interruption until 2007, and eventually began growing again. The congress highlighted the importance of policies that had been introduced or stressed at the two previous congresses and that had dominated East German life during the 1970s. Erstmals wird hier eine langfristige Darstellung der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung in der SBZ/DDR auf … Party secretaries underwent a special monthly political process that included instructive guidance and verification by representatives from higher level party committees. [Horst Lambrecht; Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung] Home. There were in total 262 of these sectional leadership teams, including one each for the Free German Youth (FDJ), the Trade Union Federation (FDGB), the Foreign Ministry, the Foreign Trade Ministry, the State Railway organisation, the military branches of the Interior Ministry, the Ministry for State Security (Stasi), the National People's Army, each of which had its own integrated political-administrative structure. institut für kunstwissenschaft und historische urbanistik. Where there were several Party Groups operating in a single place they would be combined in a Departmental Party Organisation (APO / Abteilungsparteiorganisation) which in turn would have its own leadership and an APO Party Secretariat. There were also a Treasurer, an Agitator, and according to the size of the group other associated members included in the Party Group leadership.